Apply phonic knowledge and skills as the route to decode words.
Respond speedily with the correct sound to graphemes (letters or groups of letters) for all 40+ phonemes, including, where applicable, alternative sounds for graphemes.
Read accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words containing GPCs that have been taught.
Read common exception words, noting unusual correspondences between spelling and sound and where these occur in the word.
Read aloud accurately books that are consistent with their developing phonic knowledge and that do not require them to use other strategies to work out words.
Re-read these books to build up their fluency and confidence in word reading.
Continue to apply phonic knowledge and skills as the route to decode words until automatic decoding has become embedded and reading is fluent.
Read aloud books closely matched to their improving phonic knowledge, sounding out unfamiliar words accurately, automatically and without undue hesitation.
Apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology) as listed in English Appendix 1, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words they meet.
Read further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word.
Apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English Appendix 1, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet.
Learning to appreciate rhymes and poems, and to recite some by heart.
Discussing word meanings, linking new meanings to those already known.
Understand books by drawing on what they already know or on background information and vocabulary provided by the teacher.
Understand books by checking that the text makes sense to them as they read and correcting inaccurate reading.
Understand books by discussing the significance of the title and events.
Understand books by making inferences on the basis of what is being said and done.
Understand books by predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far.
Understand books by answering and asking questions.
Using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read.
Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.
Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
With prompting and support, read prose and poetry of appropriate complexity for grade 1.
Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds.
Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.
Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.
Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs.
Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.
Read words with inflectional endings.
Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
Read grade-level text with purpose and understanding.
Read other words of more than one syllable that contain taught GPCs.
Read words containing taught GPCs and –s, –es, –ing, –ed, –er and –est endings.
Listening to and discussing a wide range of poems, stories and non-fiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently.
With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing.
Acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language.
Write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences.
Apply simple spelling rules and guidance.
Spelling words containing each of the 40+ phonemes already taught.
Spelling common exception words.
Spelling the days of the week.
Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.
Define words by category and by one or more key attributes.
Read easily, fluently and with good understanding.